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The client, usually a browser, needs to know the type of content with which the server has respond-ed. The client reads the MIME type header to determine the content type. For most requests, the MIME type header is either text html or an image type such as image gif, but it might also be a word processing file, a video or audio file, an animation, or any other type of file. Browsers, like servers, use Registry values and MIME type lists to determine how to display the file. For standard HTML and image files, browsers use a built-in display engine. For other file types, browsers call upon the services of helper applications or plug-ins, such as RealPlayer, or Microsoft Office applications that can display the information. The browser assigns all or part of its window area as a canvas onto which the helper program or plug-in paints its content.
The XmlConvert class provides key functions for tunneling non-XML names through XML over a round-trip to some servers. When names contain characters that are invalid in XML names, the methods EncodeName and DecodeName can adjust them to fit into an XML name schema. For example, several applications, including Microsoft SQL Server and Microsoft Office, allow and support Unicode characters in their documents. However, some of these characters are not valid in XML names. The typical circumstance that demonstrates the importance of XmlConvert occurs when you manipulate, say, a database column name containing blanks. Although SQL Server allows a column name such as Invoice Details, that would not be a valid name for an XML stream. The word space must be replaced with its hexadecimal encoding. A valid XML representation for the column name Invoice Details is the following string
Microsoft introduced the Microsoft Data Engine (MSDE) for distributing applications requiring a robust local data storage system. This common data storage and management engine offers scalability, security, and compatibility with both Microsoft Access 2000 and SQL Server 7.0. SQL Server 2000 includes an updated and renamed version of MSDE, Microsoft Desk-top Engine (MSDE). MSDE provides the SQL Server 2000 database engine as well as support for replication transactional replication is restricted to subscriber mode only. MSDE offers Personal Edition features with the exception of the graphical administration tools and additional features such as Analysis Services and Full-Text Search capabilities. MSDE is designed as a distribution method for SQL Server- or Microsoft Access 2000-based solutions such as those built using Microsoft Office 2000 or Microsoft Visual Studio. There are no CAL requirements for the distribution of MSDE as long as MSDE connects to no SQL Server 2000 Enterprise...
Share Point Portal Server is a new document management portal solution. It allows users to find, share and publish information easily. It integrates with Microsoft Office and Microsoft Windows 2000 environments. It provides features such as document management, search, subscriptions and online or in-line discussions. It becomes the single place for information, combining normal office documents with web pages and emails. New documents are saved and checked in and out document stores capturing relevant metadata. It allows changes in multiple drafts to be tracked as the document is edited, reviewed and approved. SharePoint Portal Server is designed around industry and Internet standards, such as OLE DB, Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects (ADO), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Microsoft Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV). This makes it intuitive to adapt and customize.
In addition to supporting most of the behavior of the toolbars and menus in Microsoft Office, the strip controls also support a themed look and feel. The default look and feel is almost identical to the look and feel of Microsoft Office 2003. The look and feel is managed through a Tenderer. There are several Tenderers that come with .NET 2.0, and you can create your own to customize the look and feel to a great extent.
The ToolStrip control is a new control in the .NET Framework version 2.0 that was designed to facilitate the creation of custom toolbars that have the look and feel of Microsoft Office and Microsoft Internet Explorer toolbars. Using the ToolStrip control, you can rapidly develop highly configurable, professional-looking toolbars that expose your custom functionality.
This service was introduced by Microsoft to optimize project deployment, enabling you to reinstall application files that may have been accidentally deleted without adversely affecting the application. Some of the Microsoft products installed using the Microsoft Installer service are Microsoft Office 2000 and Microsoft Commerce Server 2000.
Note Don't worry if you don't have SQL Server running. You almost certainly have some version of the Northwind database, probably in Access format, on your system. The specific location (and name) of the Northwind.mdb sample database will depend on your system and the software that you have installed on it. For example, if you have Office XP installed in the default location, you can find a copy of the database at C Program Files Microsoft Office Office10 1033 FPNWind.mdb. Those with older versions of Office may find it at C Program Files Microsoft Office Office Samples Northwind.mdb. In addition, you will need to use the OleDbDataAdapter provider rather than the SQL Server provider.
In applications like Microsoft Office, the toolbars are highly customizable. You can switch toolbars into a design mode, and then rearrange and remove items. You've already seen how you can use a ToolStripContainer to let users rearrange ToolStrip objects. It's also no stretch of the imagination to design a menu that allows users to selectively show and hide specific ToolStrips. But what about customizing the buttons on a single ToolStrip
SQL Server uses the symbol as a prefix to denote named parameters, so syntax like City in a SQL statement represents a parameter. Other databases (for example, Microsoft Office Access and OLE DB data sources) do not use named parameters but, instead, represent parameters with a question mark ( ) symbol. When working with these types of data sources, the order of parameters is used to track what parameter values are used for each parameter.
Typically, data sources are relational databases such as Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle, but, additionally, you can connect to data in files such as Microsoft Office Access (.mdb) and SQL Server (.mdf) database files. The connection object you use is based on the type of data source your application needs to communicate with.
Not only that, but we can have the domain experts review the executable instructions (because they are written in a DSL that they can read) and tell us whether this is good or bad. Many domain experts already do some level of programming in the form of VBA or Microsoft Office programming. If they can work with that, they should be able to write using a DSL.
One aspect of the WPF TextBox type that is very unique is that it has the built-in ability to check the spelling of the data entered within it by setting the SpellCheck.IsEnabled property to True. When you do so, you will notice that like Microsoft Office, misspelled words are underlined in a red squiggle. Even better, there is an underlying programming model that gives you access to the spell checker engine, which allows you to get a list of suggestions for misspelled words.
That wraps up our investigation of how a .NET application can communicate with a legacy COM application. Now be aware that the techniques you have just learned would work for any COM server at all. This is important to remember, given that many COM servers might never be rewritten as native .NET applications. For example, the object models of Microsoft Outlook and Microsoft Office products are currently exposed only through a COM interop assembly. Thus, if you needed to build a .NET program that interacted with these products, the interoperability layer is (currently) mandatory.
Select File Open and browse to find the Northwind sample database (northwind.mdb) supplied with Access and click the Open button to open it up. A common location for this database file is C Program Files Microsoft Office Samples. This may not necessarily be its location on your machine if you installed the sample databases somewhere else. You can search for the file using the Start Search menu option. If you still cannot find the Northwind database on your hard drive, then you can re-run Microsoft Access setup and install the sample databases. ADP File Name C Program Files Microsoft Office OfficelO 5amples Nortl Browse Link SQL Server tables to existing application No application changes.
As the names imply, the MenuStrip and StatusStrip are really just specialized versions of theToolStrip. The ToolStrip itself is a sophisticated container control that lets you add other controls to the strip (labels, buttons, combo boxes, progress bars, etc.) that will be laid out in a row. The tool strip supports docking to any of the four sides of its container. You can also embed the ToolStrip into a ToolStripContainer. This allows multiple tool strips to be arranged in whatever order the user wants, just like most people are used to from the toolbars in Microsoft Office. Additionally, the tool strips support an overflow area, which allows controls to disappear off the right or bottom of the strip if there isn't enough room for the controls, but still be accessible through a drop-down arrow that appears on the end of the strip.
As you saw at the beginning of this chapter (in Figure 14-1), the ToolStrip uses an overflow menu when there isn't enough room to show all the buttons at once. By default, items are dropped off the end of the ToolStrip and added into the overflow menu. But more sophisticated programs that use overflow menus (like Microsoft Office) take a different approach they selectively eliminate commands that are deemed to be less important. You can implement the same sort of logic with the .NET ToolStrip. In fact, there are several options, depending on how much control you want.
Before the CLR can access any types in an assembly, it must locate the assembly. This is a multistep process that begins with the application's configuration file. The application's configuration file is XML formatted. It is named the same as the application except it uses a .cfg extension. The configuration file, if it exists, is in the same folder as the application. For instance, if the application is c program files Microsoft office Word.exe, the application's configuration file is c program files Microsoft office Word.exe.cfg. The configuration file tells the CLR several things when it tries to locate an assembly
When a program presents a number of different but somewhat similar cases it can deal with, it can be advantageous to use a simple language to describe these cases and then have the program interpret that language. Such cases can be as simple as the sort of Macro language recording facilities a number of office suite programs provide or as complex as Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). VBA is not only included in Microsoft Office products, but it can be embedded in any number of third-party products quite simply.
An ActiveX control is a COM component with user interface elements. ActiveX controls were previously known as OLE controls or OCX controls. These controls can be used in the same way as any of the standard built-in controls, and provide an extension to the Visual Basic 6.0 toolbox. ActiveX controls created in Visual Basic can be used in different container applications, including Visual Basic applications, Microsoft Office documents, and Web pages accessed through a Web browser like Microsoft Internet Explorer.
Agents are the animated characters that appear in applications to guide users through a task. The most infamous example of an agent is the (now defunct) Clippy character included with Microsoft Office. Most developers don't consider agents for their applications because of several factors
To create a main menu, you begin by adding a MenuStrip to your form. It's usually enough to dock the MenuStrip to the top of your window, above any other docked ToolStrip objects. However, the MenuStrip can be placed in a ToolStripContainer so that you can place a ToolStrip and MenuStrip side by side, and you can drag a MenuStrip from one place to another (as you can in Microsoft Office . However, by default the MainMenu.GripStyle property is set to Hidden and the MenuStrip is fixed in place. The Stretch property is also set to true so the menu expands to the full width of the window.
If you want to create a server-based reporting solution, the creation of XLS files with Microsoft Excel itself isn't a viable solution. Excel, and the rest of the Microsoft Office suite, still requires the use of COM Interop. Although .NET 4.0 offers many new features for working with COM objects, especially the new dynamic type, they're not everyone's primary choice of development tools. The Excel object model has a large memory footprint and was intended to be instantiated individually on desktop machines, not potentially hundreds of times simultaneously on servers. No technical barriers preclude you from doing this, but the solution isn't scalable, and you'll soon eat up your server's memory. Simply put, Excel was never intended to be used this way. Moreover, if you aren't careful about cleaning up and destroying your objects when you're finished, stray Excel instantiations remain in memory, and you have to destroy them through Task Manager or with a reboot. Excel objects are also...
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